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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of demographic, socioeconomic, and educational characteristics of N = 55 neighborhoods in Baltimore, Maryland. Welch’s T-Tests comparing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods in the upper and lower tertiles with regards to youth homicide rate are presented

From: Educational achievement and youth homicide mortality: a City-wide, neighborhood-based analysis

VariableMean (SD)RangeHighest Tertile (n = 18) MeanLowest Tertile (n = 18) MeanTdfp-Value
Gender Composition (% Male)46.9 (2.6)(41.3–54.1)45.3148.23− 3.47926.1920.002
Racial Composition (% Black)61.8 (32.8)(2.5–98.6)88.2325.0911.19823.848< 0.001
Racial Composition (% White)31.4 (29.3)(0.5–90.1)8.0263.05−9.86421.61< 0.001
Racial Composition (% Asian)2.5 (3.0)(0.0–13.9)0.895.34−4.91320.077< 0.001
Ethnic Composition (% Hispanic)4.9 (5.8)(0.0–31.9)1.928.36−3.34218.403< 0.001
Familial Poverty Rate27.9 (15.9)(2.6–63.3)35.2215.864.69733.512< 0.001
% Unemployment13.9 (6.5)(2.3–26.4)17.457.765.91333.999< 0.001
% of Children in Single-Parent Homes62.6 (22.6)(11.2–94.3)77.1639.96.77326.975< 0.001
% of Children with High Educational Achievement in Grade 359.2 (14.8)(34.5–97.1)51.470.36−4.71324.876< 0.001
% of Children with High Educational Achievement in Grade 858.7 (13.0)(40.7–94.3)51.770.73−5.35326.874< 0.001
% of Adults with a High School Degree or Less47.4 (17.7)(6.9–72.0)57.3330.955.53329.001< 0.001
Elementary School Absenteeism13.7 (5.3)(0.4–24.8)16.269.514.38532.623< 0.001
Middle School Absenteeism15.4 (5.6)(3.7–29.9)17.3113.492.28132.9740.03
Youth Homicide Rate28.2 (21.9)(0–107)53.036.4711.14620.637< 0.001