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Table 1 Average annual ED visits for playground-related extremity fractures and other playground-related injuries

From: Playground equipment-related extremity fractures in children presenting to US emergency departments, 2006–2016

  Total Playground related extremity fracture Other (non-extremity fracture) playground injuries
n % 95% CI n % Rate per 100,000 (95% CI) n % Rate per 100,000 (95% CI)
Total 214,788 100.0   72,889 100.0 119.2 (95.7–142.8) 141,899 100.0 232.1 (188.7–275.5)
Age, y
 0–4 years 60,053 28.0 59,282.0–60,824.0 14,979 20.6 74.1 (56.3–91.9) 45,074 31.8 222.9 (173.1–272.6)
 5–9 years 120,904 56.3 120,303.4–121,504.6 48,728 66.9 240.7 (194.7–286.7) 72,176 50.9 356.6 (292.2–420.9)
 10–14 years 33,831 15.8 32,997.2–33,831.0 9182 12.6 44.4 (36.3–52.6) 24,649 17.4 119.3 (100.2–138.4)
Gender
 Male 114,661 53.4 114,040.8–115,281.2 39,575 54.3 150.1 (120.2–179.9) 75,086 52.9 284.7 (230.5–338.9)
Equipment Type
 Monkey bars or climbing gyms 79,157 36.9 78,435.2–79,878.8 36,296 49.8 59.4 (46.7–72.1) 42,861 30.2 70.1 (55.8–84.5)
 Swings 48,655 22.7 47,856.1–49,453.9 12,960 17.8 21.2 (17.5–24.9) 35,695 25.2 58.4 (49.1–67.7)
 Slides 45,827 21.3 45,021.3–46,632.7 13,904 19.1 22.7 (18.6–26.9) 31,923 22.5 52.2 (42.4–62.1)
 Seesaws 3813 1.8 2912.7–4713.3 b677 0.9 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 3136 2.2 5.1 (4.1–6.1)
 Other playground equipment 16,918 7.9 16,046.1–17,789.9 3884 5.3 6.4 (4.2–8.5) 13,034 9.2 21.3 (14.8–27.9)
 Playground equipment not specified 20,418 9.5 19,553.9–21,282.1 5168 7.1 8.5 (5.3–11.6) 15,250 10.7 24.9 (16.5–33.4)
Setting of injury
 Place of recreation 73,048 34.0 72,310.1–73,785.9 25,565 35.1 41.8 (32.5–51.1) 47,483 33.5 77.7 (62.2–93.1)
 School or daycare 61,048 28.4 60,279.5–61,816.5 21,154 29.0 34.6 (25.2–44.0) 39,894 28.1 65.3 (49.5–81.1)
 Home 29,118 13.6 28,273.4–29,962.6 8725 12.0 14.3 (10.8–17.7) 20,393 14.4 33.4 (26.1–40.6)
 Other public property 7183 3.3 6290.0–8076.0 2240 3.1 3.7 (2.2–5.1) 4943 3.5 8.1 (5.9–10.3)
 Not recorded 44,391 20.7 43,581.9–45,200.1 15,205 20.9 24.9 (17.1–32.6) 29,186 20.6 47.7 (32.4–63.1)
Dispositiona
 Discharged 202,792 94.4 202,577.3–203,006.7 64,645 88.7 105.8 (84.9–126.7) 138,146 97.4 226.0 (183.7–268.3)
 Admitted 10,377 4.8 9490.8–11,263.2 8172 11.2 13.4 (10.3–16.5) 2206 1.6 3.6 (2.6–4.6)
  1. aExcludes the < 1% of patients who left ED against medical advice, died, or had disposition data missing. No fatalities occurred from playground-related extremity fractures, while 15 fatalities occurred from other (non-extremity fracture) playground injuries
  2. bEstimates < 1200 are considered possibly unstable