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Table 1 Individual and neighborhood characteristics by homicide case clearance status

From: Neighborhood variation in unsolved homicides: a retrospective cohort study in Indianapolis, Indiana, 2007–2017

Characteristic Uncleared Cleared Total X2
Individual (N = 1320) n(%) n(%) n p value
Age, mean (SD) 32 (12.4) 32.5 (15.7)   p < 0.002
 Under 14 6 (1.22) 41 (4.94) 47 (3.5)  
 14–17 15 (3.06) 33 (3.98) 48 (3.6)  
 18–24 131 (26.7) 222 (26.7) 353 (26.7)  
 25–29 89 (18.1) 127 (15.3) 216 (16.3)  
 30–34 79 (16.1) 99 (11.9) 178 (13.4)  
 35 and older 170 (34.7) 308 (37.11) 478 (36.2)  
Sex     p < 0.000
 Male 431 (88.1) 639 (76.9) 1070 (81.0)  
 Female 58 (11.8) 191 (23.1) 249 (18.8)  
Race     p < 0.000
 African American 416 (85.0) 576 (69.4) 992 (75.1)  
 White 74 (15.0) 254 (30.6) 328 (24.8)  
Ethnicity     p < 0.354
 Hispanic 32 (6.53) 44 (5.30) 76 (5.76)  
 Non-Hispanic 458 (93.5) 786 (94.7) 1244 (94.2)  
Event
 Year     p < 0.001
  2007–2008 146 (29.8) 235 (28.3) 381 (28.8)  
  2009–2011 94 (19.1) 193 (23.5) 287 (21.7)  
  2012–2014 114 (23.2) 244 (29.4) 358 (27.1)  
  2015–2017 136 (27.7) 158 (19.0) 294 (22.2)  
Neighborhood – Interquartile Range
 Homicide Rate per 100,000 344.2, 679.2, 984.5 307.2, 498.6, 777.0 160. 6, 344.2, 665.4  
 Resident Complaint Rate per 100,000 51.1, 93.7, 162.1 51.3, 93.7, 144.8 52.2, 89.4, 144.5  
 Disorder Rate per 100,000 40,855, 53,093, 75,347 35,392, 50,639, 67,889 28,207, 45,357, 65,635  
 Violent Crime Rate per 100,000 24.9, 31.2, 46.0 21.4, 27.5, 40.9 13.5, 25.9, 38.4  
 Shots Fired per 100,000 4117, 7539, 9509 3079, 4826, 9162 2425, 4252, 8547  
 Arrest Rate per 100,000 2053, 6566, 10,122 2037, 5412, 8610 578, 2185, 6566  
 GINI .43, .47, .51 .42, .46, .49 .41, .45, .49  
 Percent Minority 71.8, 85.5, 93.8 55.9, 78.0, 92.6 43.6, 71.1, 86.2