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Table 4 Adjusted prevalence ratios for having a criminal charge history at the time of purchasing a handguna (N = 75,856 purchasers; 77,359 firearms)

From: Criminal charge history, handgun purchasing, and demographic characteristics of legal handgun purchasers in California

  Any charge Violence Firearm violence Crime Index violence Sexual violence or IPV
Index Firearm
N purchased
 1 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 2 0.93 (0.84, 1.04) 0.84 (0.68, 1.05) 0.84 (0.41, 1.71) 0.73 (0.52, 1.02) 0.55 (0.32, 0.94)
 3+ 1.01 (0.88, 1.16) 0.65 (0.47, 0.89) 1.44 (0.72, 2.87) 0.53 (0.32, 0.88) 0.79 (0.44, 1.42)
Retailer & transaction typeb
 Non-pawn sale 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 Non-pawn private party 0.95 (0.90, 1.00) 0.93 (0.85, 1.03) 0.75 (0.54, 1.05) 0.91 (0.79, 1.05) 0.88 (0.70, 1.10)
 Non-pawn other 0.63 (0.58, 0.68) 0.60 (0.52, 0.70) 0.42 (0.24, 0.73) 0.54 (0.44, 0.68) 0.63 (0.46, 0.86)
 Pawn sale 1.04 (0.96, 1.13) 1.10 (0.94, 1.28) 0.76 (0.43, 1.36) 1.24 (1.01, 1.53) 1.22 (0.87, 1.71)
 Pawn private party 0.84 (0.70, 1.01) 0.89 (0.64, 1.25) 0.72 (0.22, 2.36) 1.04 (0.67, 1.63) 0.57 (0.22, 1.45)
 Pawn redemption 1.82 (1.71, 1.93) 1.81 (1.60, 2.04) 1.71 (1.19, 2.46) 1.74 (1.46, 2.07) 2.29 (1.79, 2.92)
 Pawn other 0.89 (0.72, 1.12) 0.96 (0.64, 1.43) 1.20 (0.36, 4.01) 1.15 (0.68, 1.96) 1.52 (0.76, 3.03)
Caliber
 Small 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 Medium 0.92 (0.87, 0.98) 0.93 (0.83, 1.04) 1.14 (0.75, 1.73) 0.89 (0.76, 1.05) 1.00 (0.77, 1.30)
 Large 0.90 (0.85, 0.95) 0.88 (0.79, 0.99) 1.12 (0.74, 1.68) 0.84 (0.72, 0.99) 0.88 (0.68, 1.13)
Handgun Category
 Semi-auto pistol 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 Revolver 1.10 (1.06, 1.15) 1.14 (1.05, 1.24) 0.96 (0.71, 1.28) 1.11 (0.98, 1.25) 1.28 (1.07, 1.53)
 Other 1.24 (1.04, 1.48) 1.54 (1.13, 2.09) 1.70 (0.63, 4.57) 1.41 (0.89, 2.23) 1.12 (0.49, 2.56)
Previous firearms
N purchased
 0 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 1 1.01 (0.96, 1.06) 1.05 (0.95, 1.15) 1.34 (0.96, 1.87) 1.01 (0.87, 1.16) 0.92 (0.74, 1.14)
 2 1.07 (1.01, 1.14) 1.01 (0.90, 1.14) 1.62 (1.11, 2.35) 1.09 (0.93, 1.29) 0.89 (0.68, 1.16)
 3+ 1.00 (0.95, 1.05) 0.97 (0.89, 1.06) 1.94 (1.45, 2.59) 0.99 (0.87, 1.12) 0.89 (0.73, 1.08)
  1. a95% confidence intervals are displayed in parentheses. All models additionally controlled for age, race/ethnicity, sex, county urbanicity, and census tract socioeconomic status
  2. b“Other” includes curio/relic, loan, and non-roster peace officer transactions