Skip to main content

Table 3 Multiple Logistic Regression Analyses of Poor Outcomes Following Minor Injury

From: Short‐term outcomes in children following emergency department visits for minor injuries sustained at home

  Outcome Variable 1:
7+ days of pain ( N =98)
Outcome Variable 2:
7+ days of abnormal activity ( N =102)
Covariates AOR 95% CI p -value AOR 95% CI p -value
Injury Type    0.041*, **    0.030*, **
 Soft Tissue REF REF   REF REF  
 Fracture/Sprain 1.58 0.22-11.27 0.650 1.31 0.21-8.04 0.771
 Minor Head Injury N/A N/A N/A 1.91 0.36-10.01 0.443
 Burn 6.97 1.53-31.83 0.012* 8.01 2.03-31.65 0.003*
Sex (Male=REF) 2.48 0.62-9.77 0.195 1.71 0.58-5.07 0.334
Child Age (years) 1.42 0.98-2.09 0.064 1.34 0.98-1.83 0.064
Parent Race    0.813**    0.777**
 Black REF REF   REF REF  
 White 1.98 0.24-15.72 0.520 1.25 0.26-6.02 0.777
 Other 1.22 0.05-28.94 0.903 N/A N/A N/A
Poverty    0.620**    0.720**
 Above FPLa REF REF   REF REF  
 Below FPL 2.23 0.39-12.78 0.366 0.60 0.17-2.13 0.428
 I Don’t Know 2.62 0.22-31.18 0.444 0.85 0.12-6.22 0.871
Substandard Housing
 No REF REF   REF REF  
 Yes 0.89 0.15-5.27 0.898 1.69 0.34-8.35 0.518
  Outcome Variable 3: 5+ school days missed ( N =79) Outcome Variable 4:
7+ days disrupted family activity
( N =101)
Covariates AOR 95% CI p -value AOR 95% CI p -value
Injury Type    0.118**    0.584**
 Soft Tissue REF REF   REF REF  
 Fracture/Sprain N/A N/A N/A 1.05 0.17-6.67 0.956
 Minor Head Injury 2.78 0.19-40.06 0.454 1.13 0.18-7.07 0.895
 Burn 8.71 1.11-68.05 0.039* 2.62 0.66-10.42 0.173
Sex (Male=REF) 0.88 0.12-6.48 0.901 2.22 0.71-6.92 0.168
Child Age (years) 1.46 0.85-2.49 0.172 1.30 0.95-1.79 0.101
Parent Race    0.847**    0.790**
 Black REF REF   REF REF  
 White 1.31 0.08-21.25 0.778 1.26 0.23-6.96 0.790
 Other N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Poverty    0.778**    0.684**
 Above FPLa REF REF   REF REF  
 Below FPL 1.31 0.19-9.02 0.778 1.54 0.40-5.90 0.529
 I Don’t Know N/A N/A N/A 0.69 0.06-7.86 0.767
Substandard Housing
 No REF REF   REF REF  
 Yes N/A N/A N/A 0.61 0.14-2.71 0.515
  Outcome Variable 5:
5+ days of missed work ( N =99)
 
Covariates AOR 95% CI p -value  
Injury Type    0.050**  
 Soft Tissue REF REF   
 Fracture/Sprain 2.05 0.14-28.69 0.595  
 Minor Head Injury 2.58 0.16-41.52 0.503  
 Burn 14.97 2.13-105.01 0.006*  
Sex (Male=REF) 1.42 0.27-7.51 0.680  
Child Age (years) 1.29 0.83-2.01 0.252  
Parent Race    0.640**  
 Black REF REF   
 White N/A N/A N/A  
 Other 2.05 0.10-41.26 0.640  
Poverty    0.704**  
 Above FPLa REF REF   
 Below FPL 2.16 0.28-16.69 0.461  
 I Don’t Know 0.97 0.04-23.79 0.986  
Substandard Housing
 No REF REF   
 Yes 1.12 0.12-10.41 0.918  
  1. AOR Adjusted odds ration; CI confidence interval; REF reference. Note that “N/A” indicates that no poor outcomes occurred in that variable.
  2. a FPL = Federal Poverty Level
  3. * Denotes significant p-value (< 0.05)
  4. ** Represents overall p-value for covariate