Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: The practice of lethal means restriction counseling in US emergency departments to reduce suicide risk: a systematic review of the literature

References Year Type of delivery Duration Recipient of intervention US region Means discussed
Asarnow et al. (2017) 2017 Counseling by therapists in ED, home, and clinic Multiple sessions Parent/caregiver; patient Not specified Firearms, ligatures, medications, plastic bags, ropes, scarves, high places, places to hang from
Fendrich et al. (1998) 1998 Education by nurses & physicians in ED; focus on home firearm removal Single session Parent/caregiver Midwest Firearms
Kruesi et al. (1999) 1999 Education by ED staff during mental health assessment Single session Parent/caregiver Midwest Alcohol, firearms, medications [over-the-counter and prescribed]
Parast et al. (2018) 2018 Counseling by ED and inpatient staff Single session Parent/caregiver Not specified Car, firearms, medications
Runyan et al. (2018) 2018 Counseling by ED staff Single session Patient and family West Firearms and medications
Runyan et al. (2016) 2016 Counseling by behavioral health staff and physicians in ED; optional provision of lockbox Single session Parent/caregiver West Firearms and medications
Runyan et al. (2020) 2020 Counseling by behavioral health staff and physicians in ED; optional provision of lockbox Single session Parent/caregiver West Firearms and medications
Sale et al. (2017) 2017 Counseling by mental health providers Single session Patient and family Southeast Firearms, medicine, and chemical substances
Stanley and Brown (2012) 2012 Brief intervention including safety planning by clinician in ED Single session Patient Not specified Alcohol, firearms, knives, medications